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Development

Reduce transaction costs? Yes. Strengthen property rights? Maybe: The First Nations Land Management Act and economic development on Canadian Indian reserves [Public Choice]

Author: 
Publisher: 
Public Choice
Year of publication: 
2007

"Economic development on Canadian Indian reserves is hindered by the fact that aboriginal peoples living on these reserves lack efficient and effective property rights. In 1999, the federal government passed the First Nations Land Management Act, which allows participating First Nations to develop their own land codes for administering their reserve lands. After analyzing two First Nation land codes in Ontario and Saskatchewan, this paper finds that land codes are effective mechanisms for addressing drag on on-reserve development."

Indigenous Entrepreneurship Research: Themes and Variations [International Research in the Business Disciplines]

Publisher: 
International Research in the Business Disciplines
Year of publication: 
2006

"The purpose of this paper is to offer an overview of the current study of indigenous entrepreneurship. First, while there is broad agreement on the application of the term “indigenous,” there are differences of emphasis and outright controversies about empirical description of indigenous people, especially concerning the role of ownership and private property in their culture and traditions.Second, the concept of entrepreneurship is as controversial in this field as elsewhere in management studies.

Towards a Theory of Indigenous Entrepreneurship [International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, IJESB]

Publisher: 
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business (IJESB)
Year of publication: 
2004

"Indigenous populations throughout the world suffer from chronic poverty, lower education levels, and poor health. The "second wave" of indigenous development, after direct economic assistance from outside, lies in indigenous efforts to rebuild their "nations" and improve their lot through entrepreneurial enterprise. This paper suggests that there is a distinguishable kind of activity appropriately called "indigenous entrepreneurship". We begin by defining the indigenous population and noting some general facts about their numbers and distribution.

First Nation Self-Evaluation of Community Programs – A Guidebook on Performance Management [Aboriginal Financial Officers Association, AFOA]

Publisher: 
Aboriginal Financial Officers Association (AFOA)

This guidebook is about First Nations developing their own approaches to evaluating how well community programs are achieving community goals. It presents ideas and options for First Nations to consider in developing self-evaluation tools that reflect Aboriginal communities, traditions and priorities.

Sample First Nation Operations Manual [Aboriginal Financial Officers Association, AFOA]

Publisher: 
Aboriginal Financial Officers Association (AFOA)

A product of AFOA Saskatchewan Chapter - The Sample First Nation Operations Manual focuses on the reporting and financial management responsibilities of a financial officer of an average-sized First Nation. It covers Organizational structure, Government & Administration, Finance, Housing & Public Works, School Programs, Post-secondary Educational Program, Lands & Resources Program, Health Program, CFS Program Social Development Program, Employee Management and Codes of Conduct.

Sample Models of First Nation Financial Codes [Aboriginal Financial Officers Association, AFOA]

Publisher: 
Aboriginal Financial Officers Association (AFOA)

As part of the Distributed Knowledge Sharing System initiative (See Distributed Knowledge Sharing System) AFOA has collected a number of samples of First Nation financial codes and policies from across the country - they are provided in this document courtesy of the source First Nation community or organization credited. These First Nation communities and organizations have agreed to share the results of their hard work with the understanding that the information contained is copyright owned by the First Nation.

Sample Templates and Synopses of Financial Policies and Procedures [Aboriginal Financial Officers Association, AFOA]

Publisher: 
Aboriginal Financial Officers Association (AFOA)

Disclaimer: The following sample financial policy/procedural templates have been reviewed and certified by the Aboriginal Financial Officers of Canada (AFOA) as meeting Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Any resemblance to an existing First Nation community/organization’s financial code is entirely coincidental, or permission to share has been obtained and credited to the source First Nation community/organization.

Strategic Management & Accountability for First Nations – Best Practices to Consider [Aboriginal Financial Officers Association, AFOA]

Publisher: 
Aboriginal Financial Officers Association (AFOA)

Strategic planning and accountability type activities have been around for a long time. Individuals and organizations constantly look for new and innovative ways to improve what they do in these areas. In reality, some are more active at planning and some are more sophisticated in their approach. Strategic management has been thrust into the spotlight in the last decade as individuals and organizations realize that organizational success is often linked to results from enhanced activities in this area.

Preparing Financial Statements Under the Common Government Reporting Model [Aboriginal Financial Officers Association, AFOA]

Publisher: 
Aboriginal Financial Officers Association (AFOA)

This course material deals with complex matters and may not apply to particular facts and circumstances. As well, the course material and the references contained therein reflect accounting standards and practices which are subject to change. For these reasons, the course material should not be relied upon as a substitute for specialized professional advice in connection with any particular matter.

Volunteer Program [Aboriginal Financial Officers Association, AFOA]

Publisher: 
Aboriginal Financial Officers Association (AFOA)

Volunteerism is an important aspect of professional growth. If we are to reach the highest possible standards in Aboriginal management and governance, AFOA members have an obligation to volunteer their time and expertise for the betterment of the profession. The rewards are both personal and professional.

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by Dr. Radut