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Poverty

Aboriginal Involvement in Economic Development: Elements for Success and Obstacles to Achievement [Nick Sibbeston]

Publisher: 
Government of Canada

“The statistics documenting the problems experienced by aboriginal communities across Canada are well-known. Poverty, high unemployment, lack of infrastructure and suitable housing are all endemic to aboriginal communities. Despite this, there are many aboriginal success stories – communities that have gotten fully engaged in economic activities, exploiting renewable and non-renewable resources for the benefit of their people.”

Poverty And The Modern Welfare State [Mike Todd]

Author: 
Publisher: 
Mike Todd

This Excerpt will give the reader an “understanding of why poverty is a threat to Canadians’ health and quality of life; have a sense of the meaning of living in poverty in Canada; be able to place the incidence of poverty in Canada within a public policy perspective; be able to relate the incidence and effects of poverty to various forms of the modern welfare state; understand various perspectives that account for the incidence of poverty in a wealthy nation such as Canada.”

Harvard Project Lessons on Self-Government: Improving Aboriginal Self-Government in Canada [Frontier Centre for Public Policy]

Publisher: 
Frontier Centre for Public Policy
Year of publication: 
2003

“The case studies used in the paper look at American reservations, but they have obvious application in Canada. In both countries, aboriginal people have shared almost identical histories, and their legal and political structures are twins. Their reserve societies are rife with the same kind of grinding poverty and social problems, and income levels remain at the bottom of the ethnic totem pole on both sides of the border.

Fact Sheet: Moving Women out of Poverty [Canadian Women’s Foundation]

Publisher: 
Canadian Women's Foundation
Year of publication: 
2013

This fact sheet discusses commonly asked questions about women in poverty in Canada

Social assistance adjustments coming [Jennifer Ashawasegai]

Publisher: 
Jennifer Ashawasegai
Year of publication: 
2011

“The road to poverty may get shorter for on-reserve First Nations people throughout the country. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development is working to ensure its 47-year-old income assistance policy remains in force.”

Empowering People; Engaging Community; Enabling Success [Government of Newfoundland and Labrador]

Publisher: 
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Year of publication: 
2009

“The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador’s Poverty Reduction Strategy provides a comprehensive overview of the status of implementation of the provincial Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). Launched in 2006, Reducing Poverty: An Action Plan for Newfoundland and Labrador set out the strategic vision, guiding principles, key directions, and practical goals and objectives to realize the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador’s commitment to become the province in Canada with the lowest poverty rates in the country by 2014.”

The Economics of First Nations Governance Investment Capital, Money and Wealth Accumulation [National Centre for First Nations Governance]

Publisher: 
National Center for First Nation Governance (NCFNG)
Year of publication: 
2006

"Poverty is still the norm for most of Canada’s First Nations, despite ongoing efforts over many years to stimulate reserve economies, including significant investment by governments trying to ‘prime the economic pump’. There are, however, some good examples where the pattern has been changed and communities are breaking the chains of poverty. There are lessons to be learned from both within Canada and outside as to what can be done to alleviate poverty and stimulate economic growth.

The Effect of Increasing Aboriginal Educational Attainment on the Labour Force, Output and the Fiscal Balance [Center for the Study of Living Standards, CSLS]

Publisher: 
Center for the Study of Living Standards (CSLS)
Year of publication: 
2009

"Investing in disadvantaged young people is one of the rare public policies with no equity-efficiency tradeoff. Based on the methodology developed in Sharpe, Arsenault and Lapointe (2007), we estimate the effect of increasing the educational attainment level of Aboriginal Canadians on labour market outcome and output up to 2026. We build on these projection to estimate the potential effect of eliminating educational and social gaps between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people on government spending and government revenues using population and economic projections to 2026."

Community-Led Development [Caledon Institute of Social Policy]

Publisher: 
Caledon Institute
Year of publication: 
2012

"Community-led development is an approach to tackling local problems that is taking hold throughout the world. This paper explores the concept and practice of the approach as it applies to First Nations communities in Canada. It briefly identifies ten core principles that comprise the basis for community-led development, summarizes selected examples in Canada and elsewhere in the world and highlights lessons from Aboriginal community-led development.

Stretched Beyond Human Limits: Death by Poverty in First Nations [Canadian Review of Social Policy]

Publisher: 
Canadian Review of Social Policy
Year of publication: 
2012

"Indian” policy in Canada has been historically based on the objective of assimilating the Indigenous population. There has been recent movement to create policies that support First Nations’ self-governance, yet, the Indian Act and its related policies have not been amended to reflect this change. Thus federal policy now hovers between the two conflicting objectives. The result is chronic poverty in First Nations, a worsening problem that has stymied federal policymakers."

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by Dr. Radut