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School

Restructuring the Teaching of Language and Literacy in a Navajo Community School [Galena Sells Dick, Dan W. Estell, and Teresa L. McCarty]

Publisher: 
Journal of American Indian Education
Year of publication: 
1994

“In formulations of school improvement and change, teachers all too frequently are positioned as the passive recipients of top‑down curricular mandates. This is especially problematic in indigenous settings when school administrators are imported from outside the community. Here we describe one school change effort in which those relations are being reversed, as Navajo bilingual teachers take charge of pedagogical transformation.

Is Immersion the Key to Language Renewal? [David H. DeJong]

Publisher: 
Journal of American Indian Education
Year of publication: 
1998

“This article reviews the literature to determine the importance of immersion in language restoration (or preservation). The author argues that a new paradigm is needed to halt the decline in the number of Native Americans speaking their aboriginal tongue. The primary focus centers on displacing misperceptions related to language immersion that may inhibit an Indian community from implementing such a program.

Bilingualism in Education [Jim Cummins and Merrill Swain]

Publisher: 
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Year of publication: 
2014

“Jim Cummins and Merril Swain offer a coherent synthesis of recent theoretical and empirical work relating to the educational development of bilingual children from both majority and minority language backgrounds.”

Negotiating Identities: Education for Empowerment in a Diverse Society [Jim Cummins]

Author: 
Publisher: 
NALDIC News
Year of publication: 
1996

“Aimed at "empowering" teachers and students in a culturally diverse society, this book suggests that schools must respect student's language and culture, encourage community participation, promote critical literacy, and institute forms of assessment in order to reverse patterns of under-achievement in pupils from varying cultures. The book shows that students who have been failed by schools predominantly come from communities whose languages, cultures and identities have been distorted and devalued in the wider society, and schools have reinforced this pattern of disempowerment.”

Language and literacy acquisition in bilingual contexts [Jim Cummins]

Author: 
Publisher: 
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Year of publication: 
1989

“This paper discusses the role of research and theory regarding language and literacy acquisition in planning for bilingual programmes involving lesser used languages. Three psycho‐educational principles are outlined: the additive bilingual enrichment principle, the interdependence principle and the sufficient communicative interaction principle. The role of these principles in the educational language planning process is discussed in the context of a procedural framework for problem‐solving in educational contexts.”

A literature review of factors that support successful transitions by Aboriginal people from K-12 to postsecondary 134 education [Council of Ministers of Education, CMEC]

Publisher: 
Statistics Canada
Year of publication: 
2010

“The purpose of this literature review is to document transitions of Aboriginal persons to post-secondary education, along with the challenges they face and supports they need.”

Bilingual Research Journal: The Journal of the National Association for Bilingual Education [V.P. Collier]

Author: 
Publisher: 
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Year of publication: 
1992

“This article provides a research synthesis of studies that have examined language-minority students' academic achievement over a period of four or more years, for a comparison with the longitudinal findings on student academic achievement reported in the Ramirez study. One program variable is the focus of this synthesis--the use of a minority language for instructional purposes.

Nunavik Youth Hockey Development Program: Helping Youth Stay in School and Out of the Penalty Box [Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, AANDC]

Publisher: 
Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
Year of publication: 
2012

“Children in Nunavik are learning to live healthier, more productive lives, and having a lot of fun doing it. See how the Nunavik Youth Hockey Development Program is helping Nunavik youth stay in school and out of the penalty box.”

Sorting, Peers and Achievement of Aboriginal [Jane Friesen and Brian Krauth]

Publisher: 
Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network
Year of publication: 
2009

This document discusses “administrative data on students in grades 4 and 7 in British Columbia to examine the extent to which differences in school environment contribute to the achievement gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students as measured by standardized test scores. We find that segregation of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students is substantial, and that differences in the distribution of these two groups across schools account for roughly half the overall achievement gap on the Foundation Skills Assessment tests in grade 7.

Why is BC Best? The Role of Provincial and Reserve School Systems in Explaining Aboriginal Student Performance [John Richards]

Author: 
Publisher: 
C.D. Howe Institute
Year of publication: 
2013

“The Commentary discusses three institutional and policy differences between British Columbia and other provinces that may explain its superior outcomes: i) more comprehensive and regular monitoring of Aboriginal student performance in the core competencies of reading, writing and mathematics; ii) incentives for provincial school districts to innovate and consult with local Aboriginal leaders; and iii) the encompassing nature of First Nation institutions providing secondary services to reserve schools.”

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by Dr. Radut