"The article consists of three sections. The first section discusses definitions and contemporary significance of subsistence and indigenous economies. It questions the prevailing narrow, economistic analyses and interpretations of subsistence. Although economic development projects such as resource extraction may improve fiscal independence and strengthen the economic base of indigenous communities, they also present serious threats to indigenous economies. The second section examines the relationship between subsistence and wage labor, particularly from the perspective of women.
"The fishers living in Alert Bay and Ahousaht provided me with many details about how the distribution and abundance of various species had changed at and around salmon farming sites. I wanted to know how the Ahousaht's and Namgis' fishing activities had been altered by the presence of fish farms. However, the people I spoke to did not encourage questions concerning the fish farms as much as they did questions having to do with fish as food.
"This paper explores the complex social, economic, and political interplay that takes place between subsistence and wage economies, sharing and reciprocity, and regulatory regimes that now mediate Aboriginal community access to wildlife resources. By focusing on subsistence, with its equally important social and economic attributes, this article argues that the harvesting, processing, and distribution of wild foods and resources continues to be a central component of Canada's northern social economy.
"This American oyster integrated fishery management plan concerns the commercial fishery (including fishing in contaminated areas) and the subsistence fishery (Aboriginal) of American oyster (Crassostrea virginica)."
"This six-year management plan (2007-2012) covers the commercial gaspereau (Alosa pseudoharengus and Alosa aestivalis) fishery in the coastal and inland waters of eastern New Brunswick, including all watersheds between Dalhousie and Baie-Verte (statistical districts 63 to 80)"
"Anyone participating in the commercial oyster fishery in the Gulf Region must hold a licence. In 2006, there were 1574 commercial oyster licence holders in the Eastern New Brunswick Area. Fifty-three percent (53%) were coastal fishers and almost twenty-five percent (25%) of them had no other fishing licence"