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Governance

Committees [First Nations Financial Management Board, FNFMB]

Publisher: 
First Nations Financial Management Board
Year of publication: 
2019

A First Nation may choose to form a committee to perform a task more efficiently or with expertise in relation to a specific matter. Terms of reference allow for the smooth functioning of the committee and Council must create these for each committee.

The terms of reference for each committee must set out:

Delegation of Responsibilities [First Nations Financial Management Board, FNFMB]

Publisher: 
First Nations Financial Management Board
Year of publication: 
2019

An organization runs more smoothly if it is clear who has the authority to do what and when. To do this, Council must create a policy for the delegation of responsibilities for people involved with the First Nation including an officer, employee, committee, contractor, or agent.

Council is still responsible for the First Nation’s administration even if some responsibilities are delegated to others.

Sample Authorization and Delegation table (DOCX)
Sample Council Delegation of Duty (DOCX)
Sample Implementation Notes (DOCX)

Policies and Procedures [First Nations Financial Management Board, FNFMB]

Publisher: 
First Nations Financial Management Board
Year of publication: 
2019

As part of a sound governance structure, Council will need to create a policy that describes how all policies and procedures of the First Nation will be created and put into practice.

Under the FAL, only Council can approve financial administration policies and Council must keep a current list of these. Also, all financial administration policies of the First Nation must

Governance [First Nations Financial Management Board, FNFMB]

Publisher: 
First Nations Financial Management Board
Year of publication: 
2019

Governance is the process of how your First Nation manages decision-making. Governance describes who has power, who makes decisions, how others make their voices heard, and what goes into reports and financial statements. The policies and activities of a First Nation flow from its governance structure.

Sample Governance Policy (DOCX)

Tools and Templates [First Nations Financial Management Board, FNFMB]

Publisher: 
First Nations Financial Management Board
Year of publication: 
2019

Policies and procedures make sure everyone is on the same page on how things get done at a Nation.

They provide confidence to members that everyone is treated fairly and equally and may protect a Nation against possible legal action and loss of money and property.

The FMB has developed 4 sample policies to assist First Nations with bringing their FAL to life and becoming FMS certified.

While these sample policies and procedures meet the FMB's Standards, they should be adapted to fit the specific needs of your First Nation as well as your FAL.

Home [First Nations Financial Management Board, FNFMB]

Publisher: 
First Nations Financial Management Board
Year of publication: 
2019

The First Nations Financial Management Board (FMB) supports First Nations across Canada to build good governance and finance practices.

About FMB

We are a non-profit, First Nation organization.
Our services come at no cost to First Nations.
We only provide services when asked to by our First Nations clients.
We are independent of the Crown.

Why the FMB was formed

Finance & Performance Management [A Hundred Answers]

Publisher: 
A Hundred Answers
Year of publication: 
2015

“Our team of experts help our clients' Finance and Operational departments optimize organizational performance. We identify process gaps and inefficiencies as well as mitigating actions to help our clients achieve their organizational goals. Our team has expertise in business planning, key performance indicators (KPIs), business case development, financial governance structures, including the Government of Canada's Program Activity Architecture (PAA) and performance management frameworks such as the Balanced Scorecard.”

Harvard Project Lessons on Self-Government: Improving Aboriginal Self-Government in Canada [Frontier Centre for Public Policy]

Publisher: 
Frontier Centre for Public Policy
Year of publication: 
2003

“The case studies used in the paper look at American reservations, but they have obvious application in Canada. In both countries, aboriginal people have shared almost identical histories, and their legal and political structures are twins. Their reserve societies are rife with the same kind of grinding poverty and social problems, and income levels remain at the bottom of the ethnic totem pole on both sides of the border.

Women's Economic Empowerment - A CESO Perspective [Canadian Executive Service Organization, CESO]

Publisher: 
Canadian Executive Service Organization

"CESO (Canadian Executive Service Organization)has mentored thousands of women over its 45-year history. Through this experience CESO has refined its partnership model, which works by aligning client needs with the specific expertise of volunteer advisors who have, on average, 25 years of experience and who are leaders in their industries and professions. CESO’s international work in economic development and governance illustrates the positive impact and lasting change that is possible through targeted support at the individual, business, and government level.

Opportunities and Challenges Urban Environments Represent for Urban Aboriginal Economic Development [Urban Aboriginal Economic Development, UAED]

Publisher: 
Urban Aboriginal Economic Development (UAED)
Year of publication: 
2009

"This paper addresses the challenges and opportunities urban environments represent for urban Aboriginal economic development. About one quarter of reserves are located within or contiguous to the boundaries of urban areas. Reserve residents experience different legal regimes and government structures than most urban Aboriginal residents, and they are not the focus here. Instead, the focus is on urban Aboriginal people living off reserves in urban areas. The paper begins with some background material that presents the framework for organizing the analysis.

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by Dr. Radut